This is our solution and implementation to problem #100 on Project Euler.
Note: the code and contents here might be slightly different than what is in the video. We've made some improvements to some of the code since recording.
If you would like to view the original problem and solve it, please visit: Arranged Probability on Project Euler. If you're having trouble solving this problem, or are just curious to see how others have solved it, feel free to take a look, but please put solid effort into solving this before viewing the actual solution to the problem.
If a box contains twenty-one coloured discs, composed of fifteen blue discs and six red discs, and two discs were taken at random, it can be seen that the probability of taking two blue discs, P(BB) = (15/21)×(14/20) = 1/2.
The next such arrangement, for which there is exactly 50% chance of taking two blue discs at random, is a box containing eighty-five blue discs and thirty-five red discs.
By finding the first arrangement to contain over 1012 = 1,000,000,000,000 discs in total, determine the number of blue discs that the box would contain.
Our solution is given in the TypeScript code below:
This implementation found the solution in <=1ms.
If you would like to view the answer, click below to reveal. Please consider reviewing the implementation and trying to code your own solution before viewing the answer.
The answer is 756872327473.
All of our solutions are hosted on GitHub. The code on this page was pulled from the repo and the solution and execution time were calculated based on that code.